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How Do You Tune A Guitar?: 4 Easy Steps

Updated: Feb 10

Welcome to your introductory guitar lesson on how to tune your guitar! Tuning your acoustic guitar is an essential skill for any beginner guitarist. A well-tuned guitar not only sounds better but also makes learning and playing more enjoyable. In this lesson, we'll cover the basics of how to tune your guitar with a tuner.

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Materials you'll need:

  1. Acoustic guitar

  2. Guitar tuner (electronic tuner recommended)

  3. Quiet environment with minimal background noise

Step 1: Understanding the Guitar Strings

Before we start tuning your guitar online, let's get familiar with the names of the guitar strings and their corresponding pitches. The strings are numbered from top to bottom (when holding the guitar in playing position) and are named as follows:

  • 6th string: E (thickest string)

  • 5th string: A

  • 4th string: D

  • 3rd string: G

  • 2nd string: B

  • 1st string: E (thinnest string)

Step 2: Getting to Know Your Tuner

If you have an electronic tuner, turn it on and familiarize yourself with its display. You can also use a guitar tuner site to help! Most tuners have a needle, LED lights, or a display that shows whether your string is in tune.

Step 3: Tuning the Guitar

  • Start with the Low E String (6th string):

  • Pluck the 6th string (the thickest one), and watch the tuner display.

  • Adjust the tuning peg for the 6th string until the tuner indicates that the pitch is correct.

  • Move on to the A String (5th string):

  • Pluck the 5th string and tune it using the same method as before. Adjust the tuning peg until the tuner shows that the pitch is correct.

  • Continue Tuning:

  • Proceed to tune each string one by one, moving from the 4th string (D) to the 3rd string (G), then the 2nd string (B), and finally the 1st string (high E).

  • Pluck each string and adjust the tuning peg until the tuner indicates that the pitch is correct.

Step 4: Check Your Tuning

After you've tuned all six strings, go back and double-check each string to ensure they are still in tune. Sometimes adjusting one string can affect the others.


  • Tune Up, Not Down: If a string is flat (lower than the desired pitch), tighten the string by turning the tuning peg clockwise. If it's sharp (higher than the desired pitch), loosen the string by turning the peg counterclockwise.

  • Take Your Time: Tuning may seem tricky at first, but with practice, it will become easier. Be patient and take your time to get each string in tune.

Congratulations! You've successfully tuned your acoustic guitar. Regular tuning is crucial, so make it a habit before each practice session. Happy playing!



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